The state has three Wildlife sanctuaries Nongkhyllem Wildlife Sanctuary, Siju Sanctuary, and Bhagmara Sanctuary, home to insect-eating pitcher plant Nepenthes khasiana a National wildlife park known as Balpakram, It has over 300 varieties of Orchids concentrated in the forest of Mawsmai, Mawmluh, and Sohrarim in the Khasi hills. Wildlife includes elephants, bears, civets, slow loris, deer, bear mongooses, weasels, rodents, gaur, wild buffalo, deer, wild boar, and a number of primates, including Mande Burung. Meghalaya also has a large and rarest variety of bats.
There are nearly 500 natural caves including most of the longest and deepest caves in the sub-continent, visited by cavers from the United Kingdom, Ireland, France, USA, Austria, and Germany. Krem Liat Prah is the longest cave and Synrang Pamiang is the deepest cave, both located in the Jaintia Hills. Meghalaya offers adventure tourism like mountaineering, rock climbing, trekking, hiking, water sports, etc. Six major festivals are Nongkrem Dance, Behdienkhlam, Pilgrimage to Lumsohpetbneng, Cave festival, winter festival, and Wangala Dance.