The state has three Wildlife sanctuaries Nongkhyllem Wildlife Sanctuary, Siju Sanctuary and Bhagmara Sanctuary, home to insect eating pitcher plant Nepenthes khasiana a National wildlife park known as Balpakram, It has over 300 varieties of Orchids concentrated in forest of Mawsmai, Mawmluh and Sohrarim in the Khasi hills. Wildlife include elephants, bear, civets, slow loris, deer, bear mongooses, weasels, rodents, gaur, wild buffalo, deer, wild boar and a number of primates, including Mande Burung. Meghalaya also has a large and rarest variety of bats.
There is nearly 500 natural caves including most of the longest and deepest caves in the sub –continent, visited by cavers from United Kingdom, Ireland, France, USA, Austria and Germany. Krem Liat Prah is the longest cave and Synrang Pamiang is the deepest cave, both located in the Jaintia Hills. Meghalaya offers adventure tourism like mountaineering, rock climbing, trekking, hiking, water sports etc. Six major festivals are Nongkrem Dance, Behdienkhlam, Pilgrimage to Lumsohpetbneng, Cave festival, winter festival and Wangala Dance